- CORDIS - PROJECTS 01/12/2009
This project is focused on the waste tyres recycling and promotes a thermal process mainly devoted to the production of ceramic materials. The disposal of waste tyres represents a relevant problem within the waste management strategy of the European Community and, despite the attempts of reusing waste tyre in many different ways, a relevant fraction (nearly 23%) is still landfilled. Pyrolysis and gasification are a promising way for alternative high-efficiency material and energy production, since both the processes provide a gaseous and a liquid fraction easily usable as fuels or chemical sources.
Nevertheless, besides these encouraging preliminary remarks, the experiences on both pilot and industrial scale have shown that without a valuable exploitation of the solid by-product (char), the whole economic balance of the process is not advantageous and therefore the process is not sustainable. The gasification/pyrolysis treatment of waste tyres, apart from a high hydrogen rich syngas, brings to a very high carbon-rich char fraction, which has been tested in the past as a semi-reinforcing filler for new tyres or as an active carbon. Nevertheless, despite the recent technological advances, it is still unclear whether there is a market demand for this product.
On these bases, the main idea of the proposal consists in redirecting the gasification process towards the material recycling, by coupling a second thermal process, dedicated to the plasma synthesis of silicon carbide, to the preliminary waste tyres gasification. The overall strategy of the project s workplan mainly consists of three levels: a.the development of a sustainable recycling process for the waste tyre treatments, with the final construction of a prototype plant; b.the sustainability assessment, in terms of impact analyses on economical, ecological and social aspects; c.the market requirements analysis and the future perspectives in view of potential stakeholders, and the diffusion of the results.
Start date: 2009-09-01
End date: 2013-02-28
Duration: 42 months
Project Reference: 226549
Project cost: 4.34 million euro
Project Funding: 3.35 million euro
Subprogramme Area: ENV.2008.3.1.3.2. Technologies for high added value production from waste
Contract type: Small or medium-scale focused research project
Coordinatore: ENTE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E L'AMBIENTE - Franco CARVISIGLIA (Mr) ROMA ITALIA
- CHEMICAL RESEARCH CENTER OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES - HUNGARY
- FEBE ECOLOGIC - STUDIO ASSOCIATO DI CONSULENSA E FORMAZIONE AMBIENTALE - ITALY
- SOCIETA ITALIANA CARBONI ATTIVI VEGETALI SRL - ITALY
- ELASTRADE S.R.L. - ITALY
- EUROPEAN TYRE RECYCLERS ASSOCIATION - FRANCE
- COMETAS A/S - DENMARK
- TUBITAK MARMARA RESEARCH CENTER - TURKEY
- RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN - GERMANY
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