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CITYZEN - Megacity - zoom for the environment

  • 20935
  • CORDIS - PROJECTS 27/11/2008
  • RISULTATO

We will determine the air pollution distribution and change in and around hotspots over the last decade from extensive satellite and in-situ observations and we will employ a series of different scale models in order to analyze the impacts of air pollution hot spots on regional and global air quality including potential future changes for various climate scenarios. Focus is on ozone and particulate matter with chemical and physical characterization, and their precursors. The Eastern Mediterranean (Istanbul, Athens, Cairo), the Po Valley, the BeNeLux region, the Pearl River Delta in China (with megacities Guangzhou and Hong Kong) and the hot and polluted European summer 2003 are chosen for intensive case studies.
The consortium includes groups from China, Turkey, Greece and Italy, in addition to France, Germany, UK and Norway, with experts on the observations, emission data and models. A set of chemical transport models which connect all the most important spatial and temporal scales will be developed and used to quantify how the observed air pollution arises. The models and emission inventories will be evaluated, errors identified and improved on the urban, regional and global spatial scales. Climate change may cause changes in air pollution in and around hotspots, and hotspot pollution can change precipitation and temperature/albedo. These feedbacks will be studied in scale-bridging model systems based on global climate model scenarios, and in a coupled high resolution chemistry-climate model.
The model systems evaluated in the project will be applied to analyse mitigation options in and around hotpots, also taking into account climate change. Best available technologies and sectoral changes will be studied. Several partners have key roles in the technical underpinning of policy. They will ensure that the improved emission inventories, scale-bridging model systems and the systematic observational evidence will have a significant, broad and lasting impact.



Start date: 2008-09-01
End date: 2011-08-31

Duration: 36 months

Project Reference: 212095

Project cost: 3.96 million euro
Project Funding: 2.92 million euro

Subprogramme Area: ENV.2007.1.1.2.1. Megacities, air quality and climate
Contract type: Small or medium-scale focused research project



Coordinatore: METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT - NORWAY - PER HELMER, Skaali (Mr)

Altri Partecipanti

  • CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE - ITALY
  • UNIVERSITY OF CRETE - GREECE
  • CAIRO UNIVERSITY - EGYPT
  • UNIVERSITAET BREMEN - GERMANY
  • NATIONAL OBSERVATORY OF ATHENS - GREECE
  • NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING - NORWAY
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE L ENVIRONNEMENT ET DES RISQUES INERIS - FRANCE
  • FOERDERVEREIN DES RHEINISCHEN INSITUTS FUER UMWELTFORSCHUNG AN DER UNIVERSITAET ZU KOELN - GERMANY
  • PEKING UNIVERSITY - CHINA
  • UNIVERSITETET I OSLO - NORWAY
  • INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE - AUSTRIA
  • CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS) - FRANCE
  • UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER - UNITED KINGDOM
  • MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY - TURKEY
  • FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH - GERMANY
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Quadro di finanziamento
  • 7FP-ENVIRONMENT : AMBIENTE (COMPRESI I CAMBIAMENTI CLIMATICI): priorità tematica 6 nell'ambito del programma specifico “Cooperazione” recante attuazione del Settimo programma quadro (2007-2013) di attività comunitarie di ricerca, sviluppo tecnologico e dimostrazione
Area di interesse
  • Unione Europea